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Difference Between Acrylic and Tempera Paint

Acrylic Paint is a fast drying synthetic and water based painting media made up of petroleum and natural gas. Acrylic painting resembles the same qualities of oil, watercolor as well as the gouache.
The acrylic painting was invented by Otto Rohm and introduced around 1934 by Leonard Bocour and Sam Golden. Later it was used by most famous artists like Andy Warhol, David Hockney, Robert Motherwell.

On the other hand, Tempera is a water-soluble and long lasting painting medium made up of colored pigments and a water-soluble binder medium, usually viscous fluid like egg yolk.Tempera is a water soluble and fast drying painting medium, used long before the modern oil paints.
This Painting is also known as egg tempera. can be traced back to the 1st century BC, when it was used to decorate Egyptian sarcophagi. This paint was used to create high-quality art in Bagh Caves, Madhya Pradesh, India, from the late fourth to the tenth centuries. It is also used by artists such as Sandro Botticelli, Duccio, and Carlo Crivelli in the majority of their artworks.
The acrylic paints are made by suspending pigments in water soluble acrylic resins or acrylic polymer emulsion and plasticizers, silicon oils, defoamers, stabilizers, or metal soaps. The acrylic paint is soluble in water but it becomes water-resistant, when dried.

On the contrary, Tempera paintings are very long-lasting painting medium, and Egg yolk is the primary binder for the painting. But now a days, synthetic binders also used, which are same viscous as the egg yolk. Traditionally, egg yolk was added in proper ratio to the color pigments (powder) to make the paint. Sometimes milk and a variety of plant gums also used to make the paint more sticky.
The acrylic paint can resist heat better than other types of paints. The beauty of using acrylic paint lies in its ability to give both transparencies of watercolor and texture of oil paint. Choosing this painting style will give you the benefit of versatility in terms of making art.

But, As the primary binder of the tempera painting is Egg Yolk, these paintings lasts for very long time. Lamentation of Christ, a tempera painting by Andrea Mantegna is almost 600-700 years old. Also using viscous fluids like egg yolk makes the art more creamy like, which allows artists to create smooth strokes on canvas and helps to make a uniform painting. This paint dries rapidly. It can be applied in thin, semi-opaque or transparent layers.
Depending on the amount of diluted paints with water, or depending on the acrylic gels or paste density, the same completed acrylic painting might resemble a watercolor, gouache, or oil painting, or have its own distinct features not achievable with other media.

In opposition, Tempera painting is made by using egg yolk or similar glue like material. The materials make the paint more sticky. Moreover this paint dries quickly and so the tempera paint is applied in thin layer. The final product is very smooth with matte finish.
Acrylic Paint have the ability to bond to many different surfaces, and mediums can be used to modify their binding characteristics. Acrylics can be used on paper, canvas, and a range of other materials. Acrylic painting on canvas are the most popular painting ideas for most artists.

Although, Tempera adheres best to absorbent surfaces that have a lower oil content than the tempera binder used. The best thing about the paints is that the color of the paint does not change over time. Rather, oil paints darken, turn yellow, and become transparent with age. Traditionally, canvas and wooden panels were the primary surface for tempera painting, but today, uncured Masonite or medium density fiberboard can also be utilized. Furthermore, some artists utilize thick, heavy paper for the paint.
Acrylics may be used to create effects that imitate watercolors and other water-based mediums when applied in thin layers or washes. Gel and moulding paste are occasionally used to produce paintings with relief elements, and they can also be used to construct thick layers of paint.
Acrylic colors used by professional artists are created and designed to resist chemical reactions from exposure to water, ultraviolet light and oxidization. Acrylic is made up of synthetic polymer which makes it more flexible as compared to the tempera painting. All these factors makes the acrylic paint more long lasting than the tempera painting.

Instead, Tempera painting produces smooth matte finish with higher color saturation. It can be used for more precise artworks as it enables to use cross hatching technique by various sizes of brushes. Although it produce smooth matte finish, but it requires lots of attention and time, as it is applied in thin layer and each layer must be dried for next layer overlapping.
Egg tempera is water-resistant, but not waterproof. So the paintings made by the paint cannot be stored directly. Also the the painting is not a flexible painting. For this very rigid board is used, and the the paint should be applied in a very thin layer. To make the paint more durable over time, now-a-days, an extra layer of transparent fluids like cellulose lecquor is coated on it.
When handled properly, acrylics are generally quite safe to use. They can be easily cleaned with soap and water since they are water-based and don't require any hazardous cleaning agents. But some acrylic paint is not environment friendly, because it contains ingredients like propylene glycol which are harmful to the environment but not to people. Similarly Because acrylics are manufactured using pigment and acrylic polymer resin, they are suitable for vegans (except that contains ivory black PBk9).

Yet, Tempera paint come in two varieties, some of which are toxic and some of which are not. Although the majority of tempera paint are non-toxic because they are typically water soluble, it should be kept in mind whether sort of paint is suitable for the artwork and should be purchased. Contrarily, the main component of tempera paint is Egg Yoke, making it clear that it is not vegan.
Origins of Acrylic Paints, Acrylic Painting ideas for ArtistsCredit to @ratumoni
Acrylic Painting
Tempera Paint, Tempera Painting Origin and Painting ideas Credit to @oldpaint
Tempera Painting

Article Details

Publish Date: 12/12/2021
Related Tags: acrylic acrylic color acrylic painting ideas acrylic for beginner acrylic painting ideas tempera egg painting tempera painting idea painting with egg yoke

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Most Asked Questions:

  • Q. How history is influenced by Acrylic Painting ?
  • Answer: Acrylic Painting is a fast drying water based painting used by most artists. The acrylic painting was invented by @Otto Rohm@ and introduced around ....Read More

  • Q. What is used to make Acrylic Painting?
  • Answer: The acrylic paints are made by suspending pigments in water soluble acrylic resins or acrylic polymer emulsion and plasticizers, silicon oils, defoame...Read More

  • Q. How is the popularity of Acrylic Painting among Artists ?
  • Answer: Moreover, The acrylic paint can resist heat better than other types of paints. The beauty of using acrylic paint lies in its ability to give both tran...Learn More

  • Q. Explain the difference between Acrylic Painting and Watercolor Painting ?
  • Answer: Watercolour is a popular painting method to produces beautiful artworks. Watercolor paint......, On the other hand, Acrylic Painting is a fast drying water .... Know More

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