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Difference Between Oil Paint and Watercolor

SHORT INFO. & HISTORY
One of the earliest types of paintings discovered are oil paintings, which are created with oil paints. Oil Paint is a type of slow-drying paint that consists of particles of pigment suspended in a drying oil, commonly linseed oil. Oil painting is one of the most preferred painting style and practiced by most artists around the world.
Oil paint was invented long ago. Oil paints were first used in Asia as early as the 7th century AD. The oldest known oil paintings are Buddhist murals created almost at 650 AD. The paintings are created by walnut and poppy seed oils. The paintings are located in cave-like rooms carved from the cliffs of Bamiyan Valley of Afghanistan. Later it was used by most famous artists like Vincent Van Gogh, Leonardo da Vinci, Pablo Picasso.

On the other hand, Watercolor is a quick drying and water soluble painting media. It is made up of pigments and binders that are water soluble. It is also called aquarellum atramento. Watercolor is a popular painting method to produces beautiful artworks.
Watercolor paintings are very ancient, probably originating from Europe's Paleolithic Age. Its history as an artistic medium, on the other hand, stretches back to the Renaissance, almost at 15th century. Albrecht Dürer, a Northern German Renaissance painter known for his stunning watercolors of flowers, animals, and landscapes, is widely regarded as one of the founding fathers of watercolor painting. Hans Bol founded an influential watercolor painting school in Germany during the Dürer Renaissance.
COMPOSITION
The oil paint is a composition of color pigments and drying oils like poppy seed oil, walnut oil, linseed oil, safflower oil etc. To incraese the saturation and opacity, the viscosity of the paint may be modified by the addition of a solvent such as turpentine or white spirit, and varnish may be added to increase the glossiness of the dried oil paint film.

On the contrary, Watercolor paints are made up of four major ingredients such as glycerin, bovine bile, honey, and preservatives to vary the viscosity, concealing power, stability, or color of the pigment carrier mixture; and evaporating water as a solvent used to reduce thickness of the paint before to application. Any painting media that employs water as a solvent and may be applied with a brush,pen,or spray is referred to as "aqueous medium." Most inks, watercolor, casein, gouache, and contemporary oils fall under this category.
SPECIFIC PROPERTIES
Oil paint allows the artist to achieve a broad range of opacity and intensity in their work. It lets artists to layer multiple colors and blend them together to produce a stunning piece of artwork. Moreover, due to the slow-drying quality of the oil paint, an artist can develop a painting gradually and can make changes or corrections easily.

But, Watercolors can be used by artists to produce one-of-a-kind paintings that creatively express the imagination. One of the most appealing features of watercolor is the ability to achieve transparency and shine in the painting by just adding layers.But in general, watercolors is thought to be a little bit harder than oil paint because of its quick drying capabilities, which gives the artist less time to easily make modifications or corrections.
KEY FEATURES
It is suitable for both indoor and outdoor application on wood and metal because to its hard wearing characteristics and brilliant hues. It has lately been employed in paint-on-glass animation due to its delayed drying qualities.

In opposition, Watercolors are often mainly used indoors because they are neither water resistant nor waterproof. However, adding varnish can perhaps increase the color's water resistance.
SURFACE OR MEDIA
Oil Paint has the ability to bond to many different surfaces, and mediums can be used to modify their binding characteristics. Oil Paints can be used on canvas, tempera, wood, glass and a range of other materials. Check different oil paintings here.

Although, Watercolor paper is the most common and traditional carrier medium (the surface on which the paint is applied) for watercolors. Papyrus, bark, plastic, parchment, leather, fabric, wood, and watercolor canvas (coated with gesso specially developed for watercolors) are some of the other supportive mediums for watercolor paintings.
OTHER SPECIFIALITIES
Oil paint is obtainable in paste or powdered pigment form. The paste contains defined proportions of pigment and binders, whereas powdered pigments require manual mixing of the binder. For beginners, paste type oil paint is recommended, whereas professionals are aware of the oil color pigment and binder mixing ratio and prefer to mix manually. Oil paints mix readily, allowing for subtle color changes as well as the creation of many light and shadow elements. Oil paintings can be thinned using turpentine or other thinning chemicals, allowing painters to layer their work. Oil colors used by professional artists are created and designed to resist chemical reactions from exposure to water, ultraviolet light and oxidization.

Instead, Tube and pan watercolors are the two types of commercial watercolors available today. Because they are already blended with specific water elements, most paints offered now come in typical, collapsible metal tubes and have a viscosity comparable to toothpaste. This paste must be diluted with water before use. Pan paint comes in two sizes: entire pans and half pans. Watercolor is mixed with water in various proportions to increase or decrease color saturation and density.
TOXICITY AND VEGAN FRIENDLY
Although some oil paints are non-toxic, it is not recommended that they be applied directly to the skin because some of the pigments can be toxic. If the oil paint gets on your skin, it could irritate it. oil paints are not meant for this purpose; instead, use special face paints. Similarly oil paint uses oil as pigment binder and some binders are animal based , so almost all types of oil paints are not vegan friendly.

Yet, When watercolor paint comes into contact with skin, it is generally considered safe. But, if you have sensitive skin or are allergic to certain chemicals, you may experience irritation or rashes. If this is the case, always read the ingredients before purchasing any watercolor paints. Similarly the watercolor uses synthetic binders and so almost all watercolors are vegan friendly.
LIVE ARTWORK/PAINTING EXAMPLES
Origins of oil Paints, oil Painting ideas for ArtistsCredit to @oldpaint
Oil Painting
Watercolor Painting, Origin and Ideas for ArtistsCredit to @pinakdey
Watercolor Painting

Article Details

Publish Date: 12/12/2021
Related Tags: oil oil paint oil painting ideas oil for beginner oil painting ideas watercolor latex painting watercolor painting idea latex color painting

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Most Asked Questions:

  • Q. How history is influenced by Oil Painting ?
  • Answer: Oil painting is the most preferred painting style and practiced by most artists around the world. Oil paint was invented long ago. Oil paints were fi....Read More

  • Q. What is used to make Oil Painting?
  • Answer: The oil paint is made by mixing color pigments with drying oils like poppy seed oil, walnut oil, linseed oil, safflower oil etc. The viscosity of the ...Read More

  • Q. How is the popularity of Oil Painting among Artists ?
  • Answer: Oil paint allows the artist to achieve a broad range of opacity and intensity in their work. It lets you to layer multiple colours and blend them toge...Learn More

  • Q. Explain the difference between Oil Painting and Acrylic Painting ?
  • Answer: Acrylic Painting is a fast drying water based painting used by most artists. The acrylic......, On the other hand, Oil painting is the most preferred paint.... Know More

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