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Difference Between Tempera Paint and Watercolor

SHORT INFO. & HISTORY
Tempera is a water-soluble and long-lasting painting medium composed of colored pigments and a water-soluble binding media, typically a viscous fluid such as egg yolk. Tempera is a water-soluble, fast-drying painting material that was used long before modern oil paints.
This Painting is also known as egg tempera. can be traced back to the 1st century BC, when it was used to decorate Egyptian sarcophagi. This paint was used to create high-quality art in Bagh Caves, Madhya Pradesh, India, from the late fourth to the tenth centuries. It is also used by artists such as Sandro Botticelli, Duccio, and Carlo Crivelli in the majority of their artworks.

On the other hand, watercolors painted with water-soluble color inks instead of modern watercolors are called aquarellum atramento.watercolor is a popular painting method to produces beautiful artworks.
Watercolor paintings are very ancient, probably originating from Europe's Paleolithic Age. Its history as an artistic medium, on the other hand, stretches back to the Renaissance, almost at 15th century. Albrecht Dürer, a Northern German Renaissance painter known for his stunning watercolors of flowers, animals, and landscapes, is widely regarded as one of the founding fathers of watercolor painting. Hans Bol founded an influential watercolor painting school in Germany during the Dürer Renaissance.
COMPOSITION
Tempera paintings are very long-lasting painting medium, and Egg yolk is the primary binder for the painting. But now a days, synthetic binders also used, which are same viscous as the egg yolk. Traditionally, egg yolk was added in proper ratio to the color pigments (powder) to make the paint. Sometimes milk and a variety of plant gums also used to make the paint more sticky.

On the contrary, watercolor paints are made up of four major ingredients such as glycerin, bovine bile, honey, and preservatives to vary the viscosity, concealing power, stability, or color of the pigment carrier mixture; and evaporating water as a solvent used to reduce thickness of the paint before to application.
SPECIFIC PROPERTIES
Using viscous fluids like egg yolk makes the art more creamy like, which allows artists to create smooth strokes on canvas and helps to make a uniform painting. This paint dries rapidly. It can be applied in thin, semi-opaque or transparent layers.

But, watercolors are made up of pigments and binders that are water soluble. watercolors can be used by artists to produce one-of-a-kind paintings that creatively express your imagination. One of the most appealing features of watercolor is the ability to achieve transparency and shine in the painting by just adding layers.
KEY FEATURES
Tempera adheres best to absorbent surfaces that have a lower oil content than the tempera binder used. The best thing about the paints is that the color of the paint does not change over time. Rather, oil paints darken, turn yellow, and become transparent with age.

In opposition, Any painting media that employs water as a solvent and may be applied with a brush,pen,or spray is referred to as "aqueous medium." Most inks, watercolor, casein, gouache, and contemporary acrylics fall under this category.
SURFACE OR MEDIA
Traditionally, wooden panels were the primary surface for tempera painting, but today, uncured Masonite or medium density fiberboard can also be utilized. Furthermore, some artists utilize thick, heavy paper for the paint.

Although, watercolor paper is the most common and traditional carrier medium (the surface on which the paint is applied) for watercolors. Papyrus, bark, plastic, parchment, leather, fabric, wood, and watercolor canvas (coated with gesso specially developed for watercolors) are some of the other supportive mediums for watercolor paintings.
OTHER SPECIFIALITIES
Tempera painting produces smooth matte finish with higher color saturation. It can be used for more precise artworks as it enables to use cross hatching technique by various sizes of brushes. Egg tempera is water-resistant, but not waterproof. So the paintings made by the paint cannot be stored directly. Also the the painting is not a flexible painting. For this very rigid board is used, and the the paint should be applied in a very thin layer. To make the paint more durable over time, now-a-days, an extra layer of transparent fluids like cellulose lecquor is coated on it.

Instead, Tube and pan watercolors are the two types of commercial watercolors available today. Because they are already blended with specific water elements, most paints offered now come in typical, collapsible metal tubes and have a viscosity comparable to toothpaste. This paste must be diluted with water before use. Pan paint comes in two sizes: entire pans and half pans. When watercolor paint comes into contact with skin, it is generally considered safe. But, if you have sensitive skin or are allergic to certain chemicals, you may experience irritation or rashes. If this is the case, always read the ingredients before purchasing any watercolor paints.
TOXICITY AND VEGAN FRIENDLY
There are two types of tempera paint, some of which are poisonous and others which are not. Although most tempera paint are non-toxic because they are frequently water soluble, it is important to consider what kind of paint is best for the piece and should be purchased. Contrarily, tempera paint clearly is not vegan since Egg Yoke is its primary ingredient.

Yet, When watercolor paint comes into contact with skin, it is generally considered safe. But, if you have sensitive skin or are allergic to certain chemicals, you may experience irritation or rashes. If this is the case, always read the ingredients before purchasing any watercolor paints. Similarly the watercolor uses synthetic binders and so almost all watercolors are vegan friendly.
LIVE ARTWORK/PAINTING EXAMPLES
Tempera Paint, Tempera Painting Origin and Painting ideas Credit to @oldpaint
Tempera
Watercolor Painting, Origin and Ideas for ArtistsCredit to @pinakdey
Watercolor Painting

Article Details

Publish Date: 12/12/2021
Related Tags: tempera egg painting tempera painting idea painting with egg yoke watercolor latex painting watercolor painting idea latex color painting

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Most Asked Questions:

  • Q. How history is influenced by Tempera ?
  • Answer: Tempera is a water soluble and fast drying painting medium, used long before the modern oil paints. This Painting is also known as egg tempera. can ....Read More

  • Q. What is used to make Tempera?
  • Answer: Tempera paintings are very long-lasting painting medium, and Egg yolk is the primary binder for the painting. But now a days, synthetic binders also u...Read More

  • Q. How is the popularity of Tempera among Artists ?
  • Answer: Using viscous fluids like egg yolk makes the art more creamy like, which allows artists to create smooth strokes on canvas and helps to make a uniform...Learn More

  • Q. Explain the difference between Tempera and Acrylic Painting ?
  • Answer: Acrylic Painting is a fast drying water based painting used by most artists. The acrylic......, On the other hand, Tempera is a water soluble and fast dryi.... Know More

  • Q. Where can I buy Tempera (on Canvas) without commission?
  • Answer: If you are looking for best Tempera for commission free purchase, you can check here.

  • Q. How to sell Tempera online?
  • Answer: If you are looking for best place to exhibit and selling Tempera , you can try GranNino. GranNino provides free art exhibition and commission free art selling.

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